The 100318701 Short Radius 45 Degree Elbow Fitting is made with 304 stainless steel and has a size NW16 ISO-KF vacuum flange on each end. Short radius 45 degree elbow fittings are standard modulus and are used to make a 45 degree angle change of direction between two ISO-KF flange faces. Series 31 ISO-KF vacuum components are designed for use at subatmospheric pressure and use standard interface dimensions defined by the International Standards Organization (ISO) allowing them to be interchangeable with other ISO-KF compliant components. Series 31 components can be used as modular building blocks to create vacuum piping systems. IS-KF flanges are "sexless" with a symmetrical seal so that so that components are rotatable. ISO-KF vacuum flanges are joined by inserting a centering ring between the two flange faces, and securing them with a flange encompassing clamp.